The academy and its bounds was placed under unprecedented high security. In August , Superintendent Vice Admiral Jeffrey Fowler changed academy policy to limit liberty, required more squad interaction to emphasize that "we are a nation at war.
On 3 November , the Navy football team defeated long-time rival Notre Dame for the first time in 43 years — 46—44 in triple overtime. The two teams have met every year since and continue a rivalry that became amicable when Notre Dame volunteered to open its facilities for training of naval officers in World War II. The Navy trained 12, men to become officers. The student body is known as the Brigade of Midshipmen.
Students attending the U. Naval Academy are appointed to the rank of midshipman and serve on active duty in that rank. They rank just below chief warrant officers.
Legally, midshipmen are a special grade of officer that ranks above the most senior enlisted grades E-9 and below the lowest grade of chief warrant officer W-2 in the Navy and Coast Guard the Navy and Coast Guard discontinued the rank of warrant officer, WO-1, in Midshipmen are classified not as freshmen , sophomores , juniors , and seniors , but as fourth class, third class, second class, and first class, respectively. A member of the entering class—the fourth class, the lowest rank of midshipmen—is also known as a "plebe" plural plebes.
Because the first year at the Academy is one of transformation from a civilian into a military officer, plebes must conform to a number of rules and regulations not placed on their seniors—the upper three classes of midshipmen—and have additional tasks and responsibilities that disappear upon promotion to midshipman third class.
Third class midshipmen have been assimilated into the brigade and are treated with more respect because they are upperclassmen.
They are commonly called "youngsters. Second class midshipmen are charged with training plebes. They report directly to the first class, and issue orders as necessary to carry out their responsibilities. Second class midshipmen are allowed to drive their own cars but may not park them on campus and are allowed to enter or exit the Yard campus in civilian attire weekends only.
First class midshipmen have more freedoms and liberty in the brigade. While they must participate in mandatory sports and military activities and maintain academic standards, they are also charged with the leadership of the Brigade.
They are commonly called "firsties". Firsties are allowed to park their cars on campus and have greater leave and liberty privileges than any other class.
The Brigade is divided into two regiments of three battalions each. Five companies make up each battalion, for a total of 30 companies. The midshipman command structure is headed by a first class midshipman known as the brigade commander, chosen for outstanding leadership performance. He or she is responsible for much of the brigade's day-to-day activities as well as the professional training of midshipmen.
Overseeing all brigade activities is the commandant of midshipmen, an active-duty Navy captain or Marine Corps colonel. Working for the commandant, experienced Navy and Marine Corps officers are assigned as company and battalion officers. Midshipmen at the Academy wear service dress uniforms similar to those of U. All wear gold anchor insignia on both lapel collars of the service dress blue jacket. On the winter and summer working uniform shirt, a freshman Midshipman Fourth Class or "plebe" wears no collar insignia, a sophomore Midshipman Third Class or "Youngster" wears a single fouled anchor on the right collar point, a Junior Midshipman Second Class fouled anchors on each collar point, and a Senior Midshipman First Class or "Firstie" wears fouled anchors with perched eagles.
First class midshipmen in officer billets replace those devices with their respective midshipman officer collar insignia. Midshipman officer collar insignia are a series of gold bars, from the rank of Midshipman Ensign one bar or stripe to Midshipman Captain six bars or stripes in the Brigade of Midshipmen at the U. Depending on the season, midshipmen wear Summer Whites or Service Dress Blues as their dress uniform, and summer working blues or winter working blues as their daily class uniform.
In , the first class midshipmen wore the service khaki as the daily uniform, but this option was repealed following the graduation of the class of First class midshipmen may wear their service selection uniform on second semester Fridays i. A unique uniform consisting of a Navy blue double-breasted jacket with brass buttons and high collar, blue or white high-rise trousers white worn during Graduation Week , and duty belt with silver NA buckle, is worn for formal parades during spring and autumn parade seasons.
The campus or "Yard" has grown from a 40, square metres 9. The complex includes McMullen Hockey Arena where the men's ice-hockey team is located; rugby venues, an indoor hitting, chipping and putting facility for the golf team, and the Tose Family Tennis Center — including the Fluegel-Moore Tennis Stadium. In , the academy was placed under the jurisdiction of the Navy's Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography but was transferred to the Bureau of Navigation when that organization was established in The academy was placed under the direct care of the Navy Department in , but for many years the Bureau of Navigation provided administrative routine and financial management.
Roughly faculty members are evenly divided between civilian professors and military instructors. The civilian professors nearly all have a PhD and can be awarded tenure , usually upon promotion from assistant professor to associate professor. Fewer of the military instructors have a PhD but nearly all have a master's degree. Most of them are assigned to the Academy for only two or three years. Additionally, there are adjunct professors , hired to fill temporary shortages in various disciplines.
The Adjunct Professors are not eligible for tenure. Most are commanders in the Navy; a few are captains. Like civilian professors, they seek academic promotion to the rank of Associate Professor and Professor. However, they are not eligible for tenure.
Naval Academy, the Academy's Class of donated the funds to permanently endow this position. It is designed to be a visiting position for a distinguished senior academic historian, who is to hold the post for one or two years. The position was first occupied in and, in addition to teaching requirements, the occupant is expected to give the McMullen Seapower Lecture at the Academy's biennial McMullen Naval History Symposium.
By an Act of Congress passed in , two midshipman appointments were allowed for each senator , representative , and delegate in Congress, two for the District of Columbia , and five each year at large.
Currently each member of Congress and the Vice President can have five appointees attending the Naval Academy at any time. When any appointee graduates or otherwise leaves the academy, a vacancy is created. Candidates are nominated by their senator, representative, or delegate in Congress, and those appointed at large are nominated by the Vice President.
The applicants do not have to know their Congressman to be nominated. Congressmen generally nominate ten people per vacancy. They can nominate people in a competitive manner, or they can have a principal nomination. In a competitive nomination, all ten applicants are reviewed by the academy, to see who is the most qualified.
If the congressman appoints a principal nominee, then as long as that candidate is physically, medically, and academically found qualified by the academy, he or she will be admitted, even if there are more qualified applicants.
The degree of difficulty in obtaining a nomination varies greatly according to the number of applicants in a particular state. The process of obtaining a nomination typically consists of completing an application, completing one or more essays, and obtaining one or more letters of recommendation and often requires an interview either in person or over the phone.
These requirements are set by the respective senator or congressman and are in addition to the USNA application. Typically five to ten candidates are nominated for each appointment, which are normally awarded competitively; candidates who do not receive the appointment they are competing for may still be admitted to the Academy as a qualified alternate.
If a candidate is considered qualified but not picked up, they may receive an indirect admission to either a Naval Academy Foundation prep school or the Naval Academy Preparatory School in Newport ; the following year, these candidates enlist in the Navy Reserve or, in the case of prior enlisted members, remain in the Navy and are eligible for Secretary of the Navy nominations, which are granted as a matter of course.
To receive an appointment to the Naval Academy, students at the Naval Academy Preparatory School must first pass with a 2. A candidate must receive a recommendation for appointment from the Commanding Officer. The appointment process has been criticized as giving preferential treatment towards athletes. However, children of Medal of Honor recipients are automatically appointed to the Naval Academy; they only need to meet admission requirements.
To be admitted, candidates must be between seventeen and twenty-three years of age upon entrance, unmarried with no children, and of good moral character. The current process includes a college application, personality testing, standardized testing, and personal references. Candidates for admission must also undergo a physical aptitude test the CFA or Candidate Fitness Assessment [formerly the Physical Readiness Examination] as well as a complete physical exam including a separate visual acuity test to be eligible for appointment.
The physical aptitude test is most often administered by a high school physical education teacher or sports team coach. A small number of international students, usually from smaller allied or friendly countries, are admitted into each class.
International students from larger allies, such as France and the United Kingdom, typically come as shorter-term exchange students from their national naval colleges or academies. The Class of includes 13 international students from: The Naval Academy received accreditation as an approved "technological institution" in The Class of was the first to receive this degree and have it written in the diploma.
In , an act of Congress extended to the Superintendent of the Naval Academy the authority to award the Bachelor of Science degree to all living graduates. The Academy later replaced a fixed curriculum taken by all midshipmen with the present core curriculum plus 22 major fields of study. Academic departments at the Naval Academy are organized into three divisions: Moral and ethical development is fundamental to all aspects of the Naval Academy.
From Plebe Summer through graduation, the Officer Development Program, a four-year integrated program, focuses on integrity, honor, and mutual respect based on the moral values of respect for human dignity, respect for honesty and respect for the property of others. One of the goals of the program is to develop midshipmen to possess a sense of their own moral beliefs and the ability to express them. Honor is emphasized through the Honor Concept of the Brigade of Midshipmen, which states:.
They embrace fairness in all actions. They ensure that work submitted as their own is their own, and that assistance received from any source is authorized and properly documented. They do not cheat. They respect the property of others and ensure that others are able to benefit from the use of their own property.
They do not steal. Similar ideals are expressed in the honor codes of the other service academies. However, midshipmen are allowed to confront someone they see violating the code without formally reporting it. It is believed that this method is a better way of developing the honor of midshipmen as opposed to the non-toleration clauses of the other service academies and is a better way of building honor and trust.
Brigade Honor Committees composed of upper-class midshipmen are responsible for the education and training of the Honor Concept. Depending on the severity of the offense, midshipmen found in violation of the Honor Concept by their peers can be separated from the Naval Academy. NAFAC provides a forum for addressing pressing international concerns and seeks to explore current issues from both a civilian and military perspective.
Noteworthy individuals with expertise in relevant fields are then invited to address the conference delegates, who represent civilian and military colleges from across the United States and around the globe. The entire conference is organized and run by midshipmen, who also serve as moderators, presenters, and delegates.
The midshipman director is responsible for every aspect of the conference, including the conference theme, and is generally charged with leading a staff of over midshipmen. Held in November each year, approximately 45 midshipmen join attendees from other colleges and universities across the country meet and discuss significant science and engineering challenges.
The delegates hear from leaders in scientific research and policy from academia, industry, and government, and participate in group discussions on the conference themes. The conference serves as both a leadership opportunity for the midshipmen staff who organize and run the event, and as a venue to expose midshipmen to cutting edge science and engineering challenges.
Since , the Naval Academy has hosted a major international conference for naval historians. In it was named after Dr. Because the majority of graduates commence directly into their military commissions, the Naval Academy offers no graduate degree programs. However, a number of programs allow midshipmen to obtain graduate degrees before fulfilling their service obligation.
The Voluntary Graduate Education Program VGEP allows the midshipman to begin his studies the second semester of his senior year at a local university, usually University of Maryland , Johns Hopkins University , Georgetown University , or George Washington University , and complete the degree by the following semester.
Midshipmen accepted into prestigious scholarships, such as the Rhodes Scholarship are permitted to complete their studies before fulfilling their service obligation. Participation in athletics is, in general, mandatory at the Naval Academy and most midshipmen not on an intercollegiate team must participate actively in intramural or club sports. There are exceptions for non-athletic Brigade Support Activities such as YP Squadron a professional surface warfare training activity providing midshipmen the opportunity to earn the Craftmaster Badge or the Drum and Bugle Corps.
Varsity-letter winners wear a specially issued blue cardigan with a large gold "N" patch affixed. Teams that beat Army in a year are awarded a gold star to affix near the "N" for each such victory.
Naval Academy's varsity sports teams  have no official name but usually are referred to in media as "the Midshipmen" since all athletes are, in fact, midshipmen , or more informally as "the Mids". The term "middies" is generally considered derogatory. The academy fields 30 varsity sports teams and 13 club sports teams along with 19 intramural sports teams. The most important sporting event at the academy is the annual Army—Navy Game , in football.
The season marks Navy's 14th consecutive victory over Army. The three major service academies Navy, Air Force, and Army compete for the Commander-in-Chief's Trophy , which is awarded to the academy that defeats the others in football that year or retained by the previous winner in the event of a three-way tie.
Navy won the trophy in after two years of residence at the Air Force Academy. Reynolds finished fifth in the prestigious Heisman Trophy voting. In the Army-Navy rivalry, Reynolds became the first quarterback to beat Army in four seasons. Naval Academy sports teams have many accomplishments at the international and national levels.
In , Navy's football team won the U. The men's fencing team won NCAA Division I championships in , , and and was runner-up in , , , and ,  and NCAA Division I championships were also earned by the men's outdoor track and field team  and the men's soccer team.
The Academy lightweight crew won the National Championship. The lightweights are accredited with two Jope Cup Championships as well, finishing the Eastern Sprints with the highest number of points in and The college's heavyweight crew won Olympic gold medals in men's eights in and ,  and from to at Intercollegiate Rowing Association regatta the team earned 30 championships.
There is an unofficial but previous National Champion croquet team. John's College, Annapolis , were in a bar and the Mid challenged the Johnnie by stating that Midshipmen could beat St. John's at any sport. John's student selected croquet. Since then, thousands attend the annual croquet match between St. John's and the 28th Company  of the Brigade of Midshipmen originally the 34th Company before the Brigade was reduced to 30 companies.
Notable among a number of songs commonly played and sung at various events such as commencement and convocation , and athletic games is: According to "College Fight Songs: An Annotated Anthology" published in , "Anchors Aweigh" ranks as the fifth greatest fight song of all time.
The midshipman theatrical company , The Masqueraders , put on one production annually in Mahan Hall. There is an intercollegiate debate team. Naval Academy Debate Tournament.
Midshipmen also participate in the Sandhurst Competition , a military skills event. The Brigade began publishing a humor magazine called The Log in Among The Log's usual features were "Salty Sam," an anonymous member of the senior class who served as a gossip columnist, and the "Company Cuties," photos of male midshipmen's girlfriends.
This last was deemed offensive to women, and despite attempts to incorporate the boyfriends of female midshipmen in some issues, the "Company Cuties" were dropped from The Log ' s format by Hill , the Academy Superintendent at the time, but a handful of copies did survive, including the one which later showed.
Earlier Log attempts to parody were much more successful, with the 18 April , version as the most famous; some sections of this issue can be seen online at an alumni website.
They enforce Maryland, federal and military law and local instructions, offer assistance to those in need, and provide a visible deterrent for criminal activity. The Naval Academy first accepted women as midshipmen in , after Congress authorized the admission of women to all of the service academies. Women account for about 22 percent of entering plebes. Women have most recently composed about 17 percent of each graduating class, however this number continues to rise.
The first pregnant midshipman graduated in While regulations expressly forbade this, the woman was able to receive a waiver from the Department of the Navy. In , Michelle J. Howard , class of , became the first female graduate of the Naval Academy to be selected for admiral; she was also the first admiral from her class.
Klein , class of , became the first female commandant of midshipmen in December Following the U. Air Force Academy sexual assault scandal and due to concern with sexual assault in the U. The very idea that any member of the Naval Academy family could be part of an environment that fosters sexual harassment, misconduct, or even assault is of great concern to me, and it is contrary to all we are trying to do and achieve. Preventing and deterring this unacceptable behavior is a leadership issue that I and all the Academy leaders take to heart.
The public trusts that the Service Academies will adhere to the highest standards and that we will serve as beacons that exemplify character, dignity and respect. We will increase our efforts to meet that trust. Some alumni have attributed this to an overeagerness on Rempt's part to placate critics urging a crackdown on sexual assault and harassment. In , James H. Webb published a provocative essay opposing the integration of women at the Naval Academy titled "Women Can't Fight. The article, in which he referred to the dorm at the Naval Academy that housed 4, men and women as "a horny woman's dream," was written three years after the Academy admitted women.
Webb said he did not write the headline. On 7 November , Webb was elected to the U. His election opponent, then senator George Allen , raised the article as a campaign issue, depicting Webb as being opposed to women in military service. Webb's response read in part, "To the extent that my writings subjected women at the Academy or the active armed forces to undue hardship, I remain profoundly sorry.
The Navy Secretary Ray Mabus on 21 December , issued a statement of shame over a recent sexual abuse study which showed the nation's service academies continue to have trouble maintaining safe teaching environments regarding sexual abuse.
Reported sexual assaults the prior year declined from 22 to 13 at Annapolis. The former Superintendent, Vice Admiral Mike Miller, enforced a new academy policy, as of January , related to training, victim support, campus security, leadership presence on weekends, and a general review of alcohol policy based on other information in the recent report which shows the actual number of sexual assaults has not declined and that offenses are not reported.
Traditions are practices handed down from class to class at the Academy. Many have been recorded over the years in academy publications. Some are as old as a century or more. But few have persisted totally unchanged, as the Academy has adapted to the times.
Stand Navy down the field, sails set to the sky. We'll never change our course, so Army you steer shy-y-y-y. Roll up the score, Navy, Anchors Aweigh. Now college men from sea to sea may sing of colors true, But who has better right than we, to hoist a symbol hue, For sailor men in battle fair, since fighting days of old,. And by the service called away we scatter far and wide.
But still when two or three shall meet and old tales be retold,. Now colleges from sea to sea may sing of colors true, But who has better right than we, to hoist a symbol hue? For sailors brave in battle fair, since fighting days of old,. Many of his letters today are relished not because of the reforms there advocated but because of the hilarious way he presented them The war on paper could well be waged in poetry, he felt, for it at least kept the mind higher.
The older and more senior he became, the more would he try to lighten the mood of his cohorts by humor in prose and poetry, though the latter, many said, became increasingly atrocious the more elevated its author's naval rank. Still it served its purpose admirably. As a junior officer it was a way to cloak his ideas in a patina of genteel wardroom horseplay, with the barb of criticism perfunctorily covered. The USNA Alumni Association defines "alumni" as graduates and former midshipmen who did not graduate, after the last Academy class of which they were a member has graduated.
Graduates include over 50 U. Over noted scholars in a variety of academic fields are Academy graduates, including 46 Rhodes Scholars and 24 Marshall Scholars. In , Sam Tan Wei Shen, a Singaporean , was the first-ever foreigner to graduate first in his class in the history of the Academy. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see USNA disambiguation.
National Register of Historic Places. National Historic Landmark District. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
October Learn how and when to remove this template message. United States Naval Academy Cemetery. Glenn Warner Soccer Facility. Navy—Marine Corps Memorial Stadium.
Naval Academy Foreign Affairs Conference. McMullen Naval History Symposium. An instrumental sample of a single verse of Anchors Aweigh played by a modern brass band. Anchors Aweigh Stand Navy down the field, sails set to the sky.
Sail Navy down the field and sink the Army, sink the Army Grey. Blue and Gold Now college men from sea to sea may sing of colors true, But who has better right than we, to hoist a symbol hue, For sailor men in battle fair, since fighting days of old, Have proved the sailor's right to wear, the Navy Blue and Gold! Four years together by the bay where Severn joins the tide, And by the service called away we scatter far and wide. But still when two or three shall meet and old tales be retold, From low to highest in the Fleet, we'll pledge the Blue and Gold!
Blue and Gold Now colleges from sea to sea may sing of colors true, But who has better right than we, to hoist a symbol hue? For sailors brave in battle fair, since fighting days of old, Have proved the sailor's right to wear, the Navy Blue and Gold! Air Force Academy U. Coast Guard Academy U. Merchant Marine Academy U. The unsupported conjectures of random writers are of no scholarly merit.
The appearance of the term in an anonymous midshipman ditty published in shows that it was established at least as early as then: The pages are not numbered. The publication, Reef Points, contains information the midshipman will need to get through the storm of plebe year.
As part of memory training the plebe is asked to memorize stock pieces for instant recital on demand including some or all of the Laws of the Navy. Reef points is a pocket-sized volume sturdily bound. Past issues tend to be rare books. New ones must be issued or purchased.
In imitation, some institutions issue their own "Reef Points. National Historic Landmark summary listing. Archived from the original on Archived from the original on 15 February Retrieved 23 March New York and London: The whole is the design of the author, and was adopted by the Navy Department in Up to that year, the naval academy had possessed no authorized device, although it had printed on its registers an arbitrary symbol.
The occasion which led to the adoption of the present design was the building of a new club-house by the University Club of New York, on the exterior of which the coats-of-arms of the several colleges were placed as an embellishment, and this brought the fact to general notice that the naval academy had no badge of the kind.
The matter was at once taken up by Mr. Miller, of the class of , and mainly through his endeavors the desired approval of the Navy Department was secured. Retrieved 10 October Retrieved 12 January Retrieved 9 March Breaking the Color Barrier: Black Integration in the U.
Nobel Media AB Retrieved 30 September The Navy's First Aerodrome". Eastern States", Schaertel Publishing Co. Retrieved 12 January — via Google Books. Franklin Delano 12 January Naval Academy; the making of the American naval officer".
Retrieved 12 January — via Internet Archive. Commander, Fleet Activities, Okinawa. Archived from the original PDF on 27 February Retrieved 9 February The Chinese Historical and Cultural Project. Archived from the original Timeline on Retrieved 3 January Smithsonian National Postal Museum. Retrieved 23 May Retrieved 11 August A History of the Game.
The Johns Hopkins University Press. Retrieved 19 March University of Delaware Press. Department of the Navy. Archived from the original on 1 May Retrieved 5 May United States Naval Academy. The Mystery of Tecumseh. Life upon these shores: More than football tradition". Archived from the original on 23 July Retrieved 14 December Archived from the original on 9 April Navy Regulations, Chapter Precedence, Authority and Command, Section 1. Officers of the Naval Service; Precedence of Officers; However, that leads me to point out one big flaw the site has, approving obviously bogus profiles.
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